Check out Alice Chess, our featured variant for June, 2024.

This page is written by the game's inventor, Charles Gilman.

Tardis Taijitu

This variant was inspired by the idea of increasing the number of cells within the Xiang Qi Fortress to 6x6 so that stronger pieces can operate entirely within it, but without increasing the space occupied by it from the 3x3 on the original board. This suggested to me the Tardis, a spacetime vessel bigger on the inside than on the outside in the British science-fiction television series Doctor Who, so I also allowed it to move under certain restricted conditions. I decided to disable the time-travel feature as that would complicate the game too much. As interiors of Tardises could be considered separate board levels I have left blank the specified number of dimensions. Taijitu indicates use of Xiang Qi symmetric pieces, their orthogonal/diagonal duals, a King, and leaping Knights. It also alliterates nicely with Tardis.

Subdividing the original Xiang Qi board into cells inside and outside any Fortress gives 2*(3*3)=18 inside cells and 90-18=72 outside cells. Multiplying the inside cells by four balances the latter with 18*4=72 inside cells. The fact that this adds up to a square number is pure accident, as there is nothing square about the board in any sense save for the shape of individual cells.


The diagram below shows first the Black Tardis, then the main board with the Tardis-occupied area shown as missing, and finally the White Tardis. Array influences include Fergus Duniho's variants Eurasian Chess and Yang Qi, and my own Wildeurasian Qi and Taijitu Qi.

Black Tardis

central board

White Tardis


One-off pieces:
The KING moves one step in any of the 8 radial directions, and must be kept out of Check.
The KNIGHT makes any 2:1 leap, and cannot be blocked. As this is a Taijitu game, and as I define its movement into and out of Tardises stepwise, I do not extrapolate duality to oblique pieces.
The PAWN moves one step along the forward orthogonal, except when capturing, which it does one step along either forward diagonal. The Pawn is promotable.
Pairs=-of-duals-plus-compound groupings
+=The ROOK moves any distance through empty intermediate cells in any of the 4 orthogonal directions, and the BISHOP does likewise in the 4 diagonal directions. The QUEEN is the compound of these two, moving in all 8 directions.
+=The CANNON differs from the Rook, the ARROW from the Bishop, and their compound the TANK from the Queen, in that capturing moves (or in the Korean-style version all moves) require exactly one intervening piece, which is of either army and not itself captured by the move.
+=The WAZIR differs from the Rook, the FERZ from the Bishop, and their compound the PRINCE from the Queen, in that they can move only a single step.
+=The Stepping DABBABA differs from the Rook, the Stepping ELEPHANT from the Bishop, and their compound the Stepping ALIBABA from the Queen, in that they can move only by exactly two steps. Taijitu variants require the halfway cell to be empty. The Alibaba occurs only as an emergency promotee, and is further promotable.


On entering a Tardis, each file or rank splits into two adjacent ones, which reunite if and when they emerge from the Tardis. A piece moving orthogonally may follow either of the pair on entering and must follow the combined one on emerging. A piece moving diagonally through the corner of a Tardis can do so only along the obvious route. A piece moving diagonally through a cell orthogonally adjacent to a Tardis may do so through either two opposite corners of that cell, or one of the non-Tardis corners and halfway along the Tardis-bordering edge. A Knight move is considered an orthogonal step followed by a diagonal one, although unlike the XQ Stepping Knight the intermediate cell need not be empty. This feature unbinds Bishops, Arrows, Dabbabas, and Elephants. It also allows Gryphon-like parallel forks from pieces usually lacking them.

In place of a normal move a player may move the entire Tardis containing their King to swap place with any completely empty 3x3 block of non-Tardis cells, except one newly vacated by the Tardis containing the enemy King (which may be the same Tardis or the other one). The game starts without any such blocks. It may swap to the other side of the River, or even to a position straddling the River, which does not move but remains in place beneath the Tardis floor. Should the Tardises adjoin, pieces move across the border as if within a sigle Tardis.

A Pawn whose normal move would bring it to its player's fourth rank, from inside or outside a Tardis, may optionally make a double-step noncapturing move to the fifth rank (the near bank of the River). Pawns entering a Tardis may optionally make a double-step noncapturing move on their first or second move within that Tardis, but not both. Any double-moving Pawn can be captured En Passant by an enemy Pawn that could have captured it in response to the single noncapturing move.

The King may Castle with either Rook along the route that remains the back rank through the Tardis. This involves the King moving to the rear corner of the Tardis and the Rook to the orthogonaly-adjacent back-of-Tardis cell. Both pieces must be previously unmoved (a move by the entire Tardis counts as a King move), all intermediate cells empty, and no cell of the King's path threatened by an enemy.

Promotion of a Pawn on its far rank at the end of a move varies depending on position relative to the Tardises, and whether the player has a full quota of various long-range pieces.
* A player no longer having all ten long-range pieces must promote such a Pawn in a Tardis to one of the missing pieces. Promotion occurs at the end of the move even if is a move by the entire Tardis, by either player.
* A player no longer having all eight simple long-range pieces must promote such a Pawn not in a Tardis to one of the missing pieces. They may not promote it to Queen or Tank even if either is missing.
* A player having all eight simple long-range pieces must promote such a Pawn not in a Tardis to an Alibaba. They may further promote an Alibaba ending a move on either end rank to a simple long-range piece captured since promotion to Alibaba - thoughj never to a Queen or Tank.
* A player still having all ten long-range pieces cannot promote such a Pawn in a Tardis, but must leave it until they lose such a piece or the Tardis moves to a position whence the Pawn can proceed unpromoted. If the former happens first the Pawn is promoted at the end of the enemy capturing move, enemy move as it is.

Kings, Queens, Tanks, Wazirs, Ferzes, and Princes cannot move to or through a non-Tardis cell, but may move from one Tardis to the other if the two are adjoining and at least partly on the same side of the River. Dabbabas and Elephants may cross the River within either Tardis, either using it as a bridge or by the Tardis itself moving, but not do so outside one. Alibabas may not enter a Tardis until further promoted, but may cross Rivers outside it.

Check, Checkmate, and Stalemate are as usual.


I hope that my replacement of the stationary Fortress with a moving, and internally larger, Tardis has overcome some of the criticisms of my other restricted-compound Xiang Qi variants, while if anything making for a variant even closer to Xiang Qi itself. Compound pieces remain confined to half the cells, as in Wildeurasian Qi, but here they are to the same half rather than opposite halves. This leaves open strategies not available in my other variants. For example, a player may bombard the enemy Tardis with simple pieces to capture the Queen and Tank, and then bring the two Tardises together to attack the King with their own Queen and Tank.

The pieces can be represented by three distinguishable sets. I suggest using arge back rank and medium/small Pawns as themselves, medium linepieces as hopping-capture pieces, small linepieces as one-step, medium Knights as Dabbabas, small Knights as Elephants, large Pawns as Alibabas. The board will have to be specially made.

Is there any significance in a Tardis-confined Queen having the same move as Poison Chess' Doctor? Perhaps not: the first series of Doctor Who gave the title character the line "I am not a doctor of medicine" - whereas the Doctor in Poison Chess is one.

If anyone has ideas for incorporating time travel in a not-too-complicating way I would be interested to read them.

This 'user submitted' page is a collaboration between the posting user and the Chess Variant Pages. Registered contributors to the Chess Variant Pages have the ability to post their own works, subject to review and editing by the Chess Variant Pages Editorial Staff.

By Charles Gilman.
Web page created: 2006-12-03. Web page last updated: 2016-03-18