# Cancellation Rules

Cancellation rules can be added to any chess variant in which pieces can be assigned numerical values.

In cancellation rules, captures work according to the following rules, instead of the normal rule of attacking piece replaces attacked piece.

- If the attacking piece has the same numerical value assigned as the attacked piece, both pieces are removed from the board, and play continues.
- If the attacking piece has a greater numerical value than the attacked
piece, the attacked piece is removed from the board, and the attacking
piece is replaced with pieces of the attacking color as follows:
- Subtract the numerical value of the attacked piece from that of the attacking piece.
- On the space where the attacking piece would have been placed, place a piece of the highest value less than or equal to the remaining value of the attacking piece.
- On vacant spaces adjacent to the attacking piece's destination, place additional pieces of progressively lower value until the entire remaining value has been placed. The player whose pieces are being placed has choice of exact location, provided that they are adjacent to the space upon which the attacking piece ends its move. If there are insufficient vacant spaces, the additional value is lost.

- If the attacking piece has a lower value than the attacked piece, replace the attacked piece with pieces of the attacked piece's color according to the same rules as above.

For example:

In standard chess, pieces are usually valued at P=1, B=3, N=3, R=5, Q=9. Suppose that a white Q is on a1, and a black R on d4. If the Q moves to attack the R:

The black R is removed from the board. Its value (5) is subtracted from that of the Q (9), leaving 4. Since there is no piece in standard chess with a value of 4, a piece of value 3 (either B or N, white's choice) is placed on d4. Since there is additional value (1) remaining, white also places a P on any vacant square adjacent to d4.

Suppose a white P is on d4, and a black Q on e5. If the P moves to attack the Q:

The white P is removed from the board. Its value (1) is subtracted from that of the Q (9), leaving 8. Since there is no piece in standard chess with a value of 8, 7, or 6, a piece of value 5 (a R) is placed on e5. Since there is additional value (3) remaining, black also places either a B or N on any vacant square adjacent to e5.

If the Q were valued at 10 instead of 9, in both examples, the player owning the Q would have placed an additional P on a vacant square adjacent to d4 (in the first example) or e5 (in the second example).

A variant on this variant would be to allow placement of pieces which have the necessary value, but which do not normally appear in the game (for example, placing a wazir (of value 2) in a game of standard chess).

In Cancellation Shogi, the lower-valued piece goes into the opponent's reserve. Pieces placed on the board as a result of a cancellation are considered unpromoted, and may promote normally. Optionally, the reserve may be designated to contain _any_ piece of the necessary value, with the exact piece to be determined upon re-entry.

## Addendum

In variants where the objective is to capture or checkmate royal pieces, royal pieces are considered to have infinite value for attacking, and zero for defending. Thus, a capturing royal piece is indivisible, and a captured royal piece has no effect on its captor. In games where this is not the objective (e.g., the misere variation of standard/international, where the king can be captured as an ordinary piece), the King should be assigned a value commensurate with its movement/attack ability as compared to the other pieces - at a rough guess, it would be 3 or 4 in standard/international misere.

Written by Jeff Zeitlin.

WWW page created: February 9, 2000. Last modified: February 20, 2000.