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The Chess Variant Pages



CHESS ECCENTRICITIES

                       CHESS Eccentricities
                   By Major George Hope Verney
                              LONDON

                       LONGMAN, GREEN, & CO
                               1885


                             CONTENTS.

DEDICATION  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iii
PREFACE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   v

                       CHESS FOR FOUR PLAYERS.

PREFACE TO FOUR HANDED CHESS (1881) . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
RULES OF FOUR HANDED CHESS  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   6

REMARKS:-
   The Board  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  11
   The Chess-men  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  12
   Rules of Play  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  12
   The First Move . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  13
   Keeping the Odds of a Game . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  14
   The Opening of a Game  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  14
   The Closing of a Game  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  18
   The Numerical Value of the Pieces  . . . . . . . . . . . . .  19
   The King . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  20
   The Queen  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  20
   The Rooks and Bishops  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  20
   The Knights  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  21
   The Pawns  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  22

CORRESPONDENCE:-
   Letter from Mr. H. Keatley Moore on the Moving and
     Changing Direction of Pawns in Four-handed Chess . . . . .  23
   Letter from Mr. H. Keatley Moore on the same subject . . . .  25
   Letter to the 'Croydon Guardian' on Four-handed Chess, by
     Major Verney . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  27
   Letter to the 'Croydon Guardian' from 'Radiometer', on the
     Original Games of Chaturanga . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  28
   Four-handed Chess on New Year's Eve, by G. H. Verney . . . .  29
   The 'Canadian Spectator' on Four-handed Chess  . . . . . . .  29
   Reply to the above by Major Verney in the 'Chess Players'
     Chronicle' . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  30
   Letter from Major Verney on Four-handed Chess in the
     'Canadian Spectator' . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  31
   Remarks by the Editor of the 'Canadian Spectator' on pre-
     ceding Letter  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  33
   Letters from Mr. J. Pemberton Turner on Four-handed Chess  .  35
   Letters from Dr. Leighton Coleman on the Order in Playing
     Four-handed Chess  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  36
   Letter from Mr. Street on one King keeping his Partner's King
     in Mate  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  37
   Reply from Major Verney to preceding Letter  . . . . . . . .  37
   Letter from Mr. Street as to a Mate being Released by the
     Checkmating of an Adversary  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  38
   Reply to the preceding Letter from Major Verney  . . . . . .  39
   Four-handed Chess, each one Playing for Himself  . . . . . .  39
   Curious Complication of Three Players: Two Stalemated and
     One Mated, by Mr. Street . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  40
   Reply to the above by Major Verney . . . . . . . . . . . . .  41
   Letter as to Pawns taking Backwards  . . . . . . . . . . . .  41
   Letter from Mr. Percival Meredith on Four-handed Chess . . .  42
   Letter from Mr. Austen Leigh on a Released Checkmate . . . .  42
   Letter from Vice-Admiral Ewart on a Released Checkmate . . .  43
   Reply from Major Verney to the Two foregoing Letters . . . .  44
   Letters from Mrs. R., and Mr. Austen Leigh on the Advance of
     Pawns in Four-handed Chess . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  45
   Reply from Major Verney to the Two preceding Letters . . . .  47
   Letter from Mr. E. H. Morton on the Position of a Mated Player
     and his Release  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  48
   Reply from Major Verney to the preceding Letter  . . . . . .  48
   Letter from Mr. A. Smith ona Mated Adversary and conse-
     quent Release of a Mated Partner . . . . . . . . . . . . .  49
   Reply from Major Verney to the preceding Letter  . . . . . .  51
   Some of the Rules of Four-handed Chess as laid down by
     Captain Crawley and Mr. Herbert Mooney in the 'Boy's Own
     Paper' . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  51
   Remarks by Major Verney on these Rules . . . . . . . . . . .  52
   The 'Bucks Advertiser' on the Rules laid down by Captain
     Crawley and Mr. Herbert Mooney . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  53
   Letter to 'Bucks Advertiser,' from Major Verney, as to these
     Rules  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  54
   Letter from Mr. Walter Mead on the above . . . . . . . . . .  57

 VARIETIES OF FOUR-HANDED CHESS:-
   Four-handed Chess, by Neumann, Berlin, 1867, 160 squares . .  59
       "        "     published at Fraustadr, 1846, 160 squares  61
       "        "     by H.G.Albers, Luneburg, 1821, 160 squares 62
       "        "     by Dr. W.Sause, Halle, 1841, 160 squares   65
       "        "     by L.Tressau, Leipzig, 1840, 160 squares   65
       "        "     by K.E.G., Dessau, 1874, 160 squares  . .  66
       "        "     by Dr. Max Lange, Weimar, 1881, 160 
                        squares . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  67
       "        "     by L.F.Rust, Magdeburg, 1834, 160 squares  67
       "        "     by August Gaebeler, Weimar, 1873, 160 
                        squares . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  67
       "        "     by K.Enderlein, Berlin, 1837, 160 squares  69
       "        "     by Alberi, Leipzig, 1821, 160 squares . .  69
       "        "     by Waider, Vienna, 1837, 160 squares  . .  70
   Four-handed Russian Chess with Citadels, by A. v. Petroff,
     1850 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  71
   The Luneburg Four-handed Chess, by Dr. Theodorick Martni,
     1821, 128 squares  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  74
   Four-handed Chess, Altenburg, 1792, 128 squares  . . . . . .  76
       "        "     by A. Demonchy, 1882, 128 squares . . . .  81
       "        "     by G.R.Neumann, Berlin, 128 squares . . .  81
       "        "     by Dr. Max Lange, Weimar, 1881, 128
                        squares . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  82
   The Spanish Four-handed Chess, Dr. Van der Linde, Berlin,
     1881, 64 squares . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  83
   Chaturanga, Four-handed Chess, Dr. Forbes, 1860, 64 squares   84
   Age of the Queen's Present Move  . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  85
   Description of the Die used in Chaturanga  . . . . . . . . .  86
   Origin of Chaturanga in Ancient Times  . . . . . . . . . . .  88
   Dr. Forbes on Modern Four-handed Chess . . . . . . . . . . .  89
   Four-handed Round Chess, by Major Verney, 1884, 128 squares   89
   Chaturaje, or the Game of the Four Kings . . . . . . . . . .  90

                     CHESS FOR THREE PLAYERS.

VARIETIES OF THREE-HANDED CHESS:-
   Three-handed Chess on three Orinary Chess-boards, by
     A. Demonchy, Marseilles, 1882, 192 squares . . . . . . . .  95
   Three-handed Chess, by Marinelli, 1722, 136 squares  . . . .  96
        "        "     by Hermann Kager, Fraustadt, 1846, 136
                         squares  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  99

VARIETIES OF THREE-HANDED CHESS (continued):-
   Three-handed Chess, by L.Tressau, Leipzig, 1840, 136 squares 101
        "        "     Eccentric Board, by S. Waider, Vienna,
                         1837, 120 squares  . . . . . . . . . . 102
        "        "     by Walter Tesche,Vienna,1843, 96 squares 105
        "        "     Neumann, Berlin, 1867, 96 squares  . . . 111
   Three-handed Round Chess, by Major Verney, 1884, 96
     squares  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113

                       CHESS FOR TWO PLAYERS.

VARIETIES OF PLAY IN ORDINARY CHESS:-
   Shatranj, Dr. Forbes, 1860, 64 squares . . . . . . . . . . . 117
   Age of the Board with Squares of Different Colours . . . . . 118
   Value of the Pieces and Odds of the Shatranj Game  . . . . . 118
   Rules of the Shatranj Game . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 119
   Chess in Syria and Arabia, Forbes, 1860. . . . . . . . . . . 120
   Chess in Hindustan, Forbes, 1860 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121
   Chess as Played by Natives of India, Forbes, 1860  . . . . . 123
   Chess in Tibet, Burmah, Siam, and Cochin China, Forbes, 1860 124
   Chess in Java, Forbes, 1860  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125
   Chess in Borneo, Forbes, 1860  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126
   Chess in Abyssinia, Forbes, 1860 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 127
   Chess in China, Forbes, 1860 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 127
   The Chinese Chess as Played in Siam, by Monsieur de la
     Loubere, 1688  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 129
   The Small or Old Chess, L.Tressau, Leipzig, 1840, 64 squares 133
   The Persian Chess, L.Tressau, Leipzig, 1840, 64 squares  . . 134
   The Double Chess, L.Tressau, Leipzig, 1840, 64 squares . . . 135

VARIETIES OF PLACING THE PIECES IN ORDINARY CHESS, by Dr. Van
  der Linde, Utrecht, 1876:-
   Rooks and Knights adjacent to each other . . . . . . . . . . 138
   The Positions of Bishops and Knights Reversed  . . . . . . . 139
   The Position of Queen and of Queen's Knight Reversed . . . . 139
   King, Rook, Knight, and Eight Pawns against same . . . . . . 140
   King, Queen, Rook, Knight, Two Bishops, Rook, Knight, and
     Eight Pawns agains same  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 140
   Eight extra Pawns instead of a Queen against the usual Pieces
     and Pawns . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  . . . . . . 141
   King and King's Rook change places . . . . . . . . . . . . . 142
   Four Pawns and the usual Pieces to each Players  . . . . . . 142

VARIETIES OF PLACING THE PIECES IN ORDINARY CHESS (continued):-
   King, Rook, Knight, and Five Pawns against same  . . . . . . 143
   King and Six Pawns against King, Knight, and Four Pawns  . . 143
   King and Six Pawns against King, Bishop, and Four Pawns  . . 144
   King uniting in his own person the Moves of all the other
     Pieces against Sixteen Pawns . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 144

OTHER VARIETIES OF CHESS, INCLUDING BOARDS WITH ADDITIONAL
  SQUARES:-

   Coxe on Chess in Russia in 1772  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 146
   Game of King and Pawns versus King, Pieces and Pawns,
     Neumann, Berlain, 1867, 64 squares . . . . . . . . . . . . 146
   The same, by Twiss, London, 1787, 64 squares . . . . . . . . 147
   Persian Chess, Dr. Van der Linde, Berlin, 1881, 16 x 4,
     64 squares . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 147
   Persian Chess with a Die, Dr. Van der Linde, Berlin, 1881,
     16 x 4, 64 squares . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 148
   Timur's Round Chess, Dr. Netto, Berlin, 1827, 64 squares . . 148
   Shatranj Mudauwira, or Round Chess, Dr. Forbes, 1860,
     64 squares . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 149
   Chess by T.V.R., Munich, 1827, 68 squares  . . . . . . . . . 150
   Chess by Carrera, 1617, 8 x 10, 80 squares . . . . . . . . . 152
   The Courier-Spiel, H.G. Albers, Luneburg, 1821, 8 x 12, 96
     squares  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 153
   The Courier-Spiel, L. Tressau, Leipzig, 1840, 10 x 10, 100
     squares  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 155
   Chess by Piscenia, 1683, 10 x 10, 100 squares  . . . . . . . 155
   The Emperor's Game, L. Tressau, Leipzig, 1840, 10 x 10, 100
     squares  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 156
   Arabic Chess, Dr. Van del Linde, Berlin, 1881, 10 x 10, 100
     squares  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 158
   Chess mentioned by 'Adali,' Forbes,1860, 10x10, 100 squares  159
   Firdaudi's Shanama, Forbes, 1860, 10 x 10, 100 squares . . . 160
   The Shatranj Husun Chess, Forbes, 1860, 10 x 10, with Four
     Citidels, 104 squares  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 160
   Timur's Great Chess, Forbes, 1860, 10 x 11, and Two Citadels,
     112 squares  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 161
   Movements of Knight, Giraffe, and Camel in Timur's Great 
     Chess explained  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 165
   Value of the Pieces in Timur's Great Chess . . . . . . . . . 167
   The Complete Chess, Forbes, 1860, 10 x 11, and Two Citadels,
     112 squares  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 168
   The Sultan's Game of Chess, L.Tressau, Leipzig,1840, 11x11,
     121 squares  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 169

OTHER VARIETIES OF CHESS, &c. (continued):-
   The Prussian National Game of Chess, by Baron von Hover-
     beck, Breslau, 1806, 11 x 11, 121 squares  . . . . . . . . 170
   Le Jeu de la Guerre, Prague, from a translation of Marinelli,
     1770, 11 x 11, 121 squares . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 173
   The Duke of Rutland's Game, 1747, 10 x 14, 140 squares . . . 175
   Game by Alfonso X., Seville, 1283, Dr. Van der Linde,
     12 x 12, 144 squares . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 175
   Turkish Chess, Constantinople, 1806, Dr. Van del Linde,
     13 x 13, 169 squares . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 176

                      CHESS FOR SIX PLAYERS.

Six-handed Chess, Dr. Max Lange, Weimar, 1881, 8 x 24, 192
   squares  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 181

                     CHESS FOR EIGHT PLAYERS.

Eight-handed Chess, by Major Verney, 1884, 448 squares  . . . . 185

                      ODDS AND ENDS OF CHESS.

Social Chess, Cambridge, 1866 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 189
'Take me' Chess, by Walter Campbell, 1876 . . . . . . . . . . . 191
Chess Draughts, by H. Richter, 1883 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 192
The Pawn Puzzle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 193
Fox and Geese on a Chess-board  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 195
Notation for Three-handed, Four-handed, Six-handed and
   Eight-handed Chess . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 195
Chess Shorthand . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 196

Thumbnail Page Selection

CHESS Eccentricities
By Major George Hope Verney

LONDON
LONGMAN, GREEN, & CO
1885

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